regiments are the bound regimental books which can be found in Record Group 94 at the National Archives." />
Header image  
     A Guide to Research Resources
 
 
          Home


Regimental History Sources

Union Regiments

Volunteer Regiments - National Archives Sources
Regular Army Regiments - National Archives Sources
Letters, Manuscripts, & Diaries
Internet Sources
Published Sources
Miscellaneous Sources

VOLUNTEER REGIMENTS - NARA

REGIMENTAL RECORDS

Regimental Books
The best regimental history sources for Union Civil War regiments are the bound regimental books which can be found in Record Group 94, entries 112-115.  Not all regiments have a complete set of records.  Volumes may include regimental and copy order books, regimental and company descriptive books, company morning reports, a regimental letters sent book and miscellaneous books.  Most of the descriptive books were “carded” and included in the veteran’s compiled military service record, but others records were not.

Unbound Regimental Papers
Miscellaneous unbound regimental papers may have additional information of interest.  Check Record Group 94 for available records.

Muster Rolls
The rolls of volunteer organizations are arranged by State, then by army of service, then numerically by regiment, then alphabetically by company. See Record Group 94, Records of the Adjutant General.

NON-REGIMENTAL RECORDS

Carded Medical Records
Carded medical records are arranged by state and regiment number.  Records for the volunteer army are found in entry 534, Record Group 94.

Court-Martial Records

Medal of Honor Files

Military Service Records
Service records can also be a great source of information.  Records for Southern and border state units are on microfilm, and arranged by regiment, so it is easy to review the records for everyone in the regiment.  Records that have not been microfilmed, must be ordered and reviewed individually.

Pension Records
Pension Records should also be consulted.  These files often contain information relating to military service especially in the cases of woundings or disabilities that occurred during active service.  Affidavits of the veteran’s comrades and commanding officers testifying to their recollections of specific events are often found in these records.  The organizational pension index (Microfilm T289), which is arranged by regiment and then by company, makes it easy to see which of the men filed for pensions. 

Quarterly Summary Statements of Ordnance.  Microfilm M1281.

Records of Events
Sometimes, additional information about a soldier's war activities can be deduced from the compilations of the activities of each company known colloquially as the "record of events." These records, which were compiled from information on the original muster rolls and returns, are uneven in content; some give day-by-day narratives of a company's activities, while others simply note that the company was stationed at a certain place during the reporting period (usually 2-months). Although they rarely name individual soldiers, the descriptions of the activities and movements of the company can be used, in conjunction with the soldier's CMSR and pension file, to determine where the soldier was and what he was doing. As noted above, records of Union regiments are reproduced in microfilm publication M594, Compiled Records Showing Service of Military Units in Volunteer Union Organizations (225 rolls). PDF format, and records of Confederate regiments are reproduced in microfilm publication M861, Compiled Records Showing Service of Military Units in Confederate Organizations (74 rolls). PDF format These records are arranged by state, thereunder by regiment, and thereunder by company. These records are being published as Janet B. Hewett, et al., Supplement to the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, 51 vols. (Wilmington, NC: Broadfoot Publishing Co., 1994-97).

Records of the U.S. Army Continental Commands, 1821-1920
Record Group 393 contains records of brigades, divisions, army corps, posts, etc.

NOTE: Onsite researchers should meet with a consultant to see what other records might be available with regard to their specific search.

REGULAR ARMY REGIMENTS - NARA

REGIMENTAL RECORDS

Muster Rolls
The muster rolls of the Regular Army organizations are in a single series extending from 1821 to 1912, arranged by arm of service, then numerically by regiment, then alphabetically by company, troop, or unit. See Record Group 94, Records of the Adjutant General.

Returns
Additional information about Regular Army enlisted men and officers may be found in post and unit returns. National Archives Microfilm Publication M617, Returns from U.S. Military Posts, 1800 - 1916, contains returns for many military posts, camps, and stations. Returns generally show units stationed at the post and their strength, the names and duties of officers, the number of officers present and absent, and a record of events.

Returns for Regular Army units are reproduced on M665, Returns from Regular Army Infantry Regiments, June 1821 - December 1916; M744, Returns from Regular Army Cavalry Regiments, 1833 - 1916; and M727, Returns from Regular Army Artillery Regiments, June 1821 - January 1901.  These monthly returns of military organizations report stations of companies; names of company commanders; unit strength, including men present, absent, sick, on extra duty or daily duty, and in arrest or confinement; and significant remarks.

NON-REGIMENTAL RECORDS

Carded Medical Records, Entry 529
Carded medical records are arranged by state and regiment number. Records for regular army regiments are found in entry 529, Record Group 94.

Court-Martial Records

Enlistment Papers (See Union Service Records)

Medal of Honor Files

Pension Records

Quarterly summary statements of ordnance, M281.

Record Group 393, Records of the U.S. Army Continental Commands, 1821-1920.
Records of brigades, divisions, army corps, posts, etc.

NOTE: Onsite researchers should meet with a consultant to see what other records might be available with regard to their specific search.

LETTERS, DIARIES, & MANUSCRIPTS

Library of Congress
Online Catalog

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division / Reading Room

Library of Congress
National Union Catalog of Manuscript Collections
U.S. Army Military History Institute, Carlisle Barracks,
Civil War Collections

INTERNET SOURCES

Ancestry.com
American Civil War Regiments
American Civil War Database
Regimental Histories and Unit Rosters
Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System
Regiment Search
Library of Congress
U.S. Civil War Regimental Histories
U.S. Army Military History Institute, Carlisle Barracks, PA
American Civil War Unit Bibliographies

PUBLISHED SOURCES

Dornbusch, Charles E.  Military Bibliography of the Civil War

Dyer, Frederick H.  A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion

National Union Catalog of Manuscript Collections

Volunteer Service Register (a listing of officers by regiment)

United States, War Department. War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1901 (128 vols.)

Janet B. Hewett, ed. Supplement to the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies.   Wilmington, NC: Broadfoot Publishing Company, 1995.

Want a copy of your own? Try Abebooks.com

MISCELLANEOUS SOURCES

The Little Regiment: Civil War Units and Commands
By Michael P. Musick
From Prologue, Summer 1995, Vol. 27, No. 2
This is an excellent guide to regimental records and research written by the leading expert on military records.

Custom Search

Copyright 2007-2011 - CivilWarSoldierSearch.com
All Rights Reserved